Hypothermia: why warm?
Treating hypothermia and patient warming is about more than providing comfort. With a decrease in temperature, important processes begin to stop in the body and vital organs fail. Symptoms of hypothermia progress from chills and drowsiness to confusion, coma and death. Therefore, it is so important to take into account the problem of unintentional hypothermia and take comprehensive solutions to its prevention in time.
By maintaining normothermia throughout medical interventions and hospital stays, medical workers can speed up the healing process and increase patient satisfaction.
Preventing serious complications
Researches show that perioperative hypothermia can lead to various complications from the cardiovascular, respiratory, and neuromuscular systems. Hypothermia slows down drug metabolism and increases the incidence of infection and mortality. Prevention of these serious complications can be achieved by maintaining normothermia by pre-warming patients before surgery and continuing warming during the procedure.
Compliance with standards and clinical protocols
Carrying out measures to maintain the patient's thermal balance are a standard and have been included in the protocols for providing medical care in clinics in Europe and the United States for many years. The need to use equipment for the prevention and treatment of hypothermia is spelled out in the national clinical protocols of Russia, guidelines for the organization, maintenance and use of cold chain equipment for blood, and drug instructions contain direct instructions of the e need to warm up infusion solutions.
Improving the comfort of hospital stay
Patient comfort in the hospital can be achieved with additional warming, as patients experience anxiety and cold shivers in the pre and postoperative period. Hypothermia can also delay the patient's awakening after surgery and increase the time of hospital stay.